With Malaysia Day just around the corner, let's zoom in on the official Malay dialects that are unique to the different states in the country.
PerakMultiple dialects are spoken in Perak, depending on which part of the state you're at. For example, those in the North (Kerian and Larut Matang) lean towards the Pulau Pinang dialect while those in the South (the area between Batang Padang and Bagan Datoh) speak with a Semenanjung dialect, possibly influenced by their neighbour, Selangor. However, the authentic Perak dialect is said to be the Lembah Sungai Perak version commonly used in Perak Tengah, which comprises of areas such as Kuala Kangsar, Parit and Kampung Gajah.
As the Northern states of the country, the Malay communities naturally speak in the Northern dialect. This dialect is widely used in movies and is one of the easiest to understand and learn.
Penang, Kedah and Perlis
There are at about eight types of dialects in Pahang, with each main suburb (Pekan, Benta, Raub, Ulu Tembeling, Rompin, Temerloh, Kuala Lipis and Bentong) rocking their own version. Hence, an object could be referred to as different names depending on the local community that you're in.
The local dialect here, popularly known as Kelate, is used throughout the state. What's more, it's not only spoken by the Malays, but also by the Chinese, Indians and Siamese, who call Kelantan home.
Base Ganu is spoken everywhere in the states save for Pulau Perhentian and the North of Besut--the people there speak Kelate instead. This local dialect is known for its emphasis on the pronunciation of the letter 'g'.
Sabah's local dialect is a rather unique one. On top of its ethnic local languages (influenced by the Kadazan Dusun, Bajau, Suluk, Murut and other ethnic communities), it also displays elements of Indonesian, Tagalog and Brunei Malay.
In this part of the country, regardless if you're an Iban, Bidayuh, Orang Ulu, Dayak or Melanau Cina, the local dialect is spoken by all.
If you're not from the state, you wouldn't notice much difference between the local Malay and KL's version. Plus, it doesn't sound as different as the ones in other states such as Kelantan and Kedah. However, if you pay more attention, you'll realise that Johoreans have incorporated a bunch of 'odd' words into their vocabulary.
The dialect spoken here is sometimes described as very harsh-sounding. However, the people certainly aren't--it's just the way of the dialect!
Out of all the Malay dialects spoken in Malaysia, Negeri Sembilan's is the most pleasing to the ear. However, non-locals may have a tough time figuring out the meaning of the words.
This is just the tip of the iceberg where local Malay dialects are concerned. There are many more funky words to discover! So the next time you head to another state for a holiday, pi la tanya orang depa pahtu blajaq la skit-skit (Northern Penang dialect for "speak to the locals and learn their language")!
* Information was extracted from this original Rojak Daily article: Oh My Loghat Malaysia!